Seventeen USS Cole sailors were murdered in October 2001 by Islamic terrorists in Aden, which has been a key training ground for Palestinian and Bin-Laden terrorists. But, the US refrained from a military response. 257 persons (twelve of them Americans) were murdered in August 1998 by Islamic terrorists, who blew up the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. But, the US retaliated by launching cruise missiles on insignificant targets in Sudan and Pakistan. Twenty four Americans were murdered by Islamic terrorists in June 1996 in Khobar, Saudi Arabia (19) and in November 1995 in Riad (5). However, there was no effective US military response. The 1991 Gulf War was prematurely concluded, and Iraq has persisted in developing nuclear, biological and chemical capabilities. It has encountered a restrained US bombing, rather than a determined US campaign to uproot the Saddam factor.